1.4.1 Governmental Units Within District Boundaries

Local government within the District includes two counties, two townships and 27 cities.  Twelve of these cities are located totally within the District.  The various governmental units in the District are listed below:

Table 2.  Governmental units within the Minnehaha Creek Watershed District.

Hennepin County 


*Minnetonka Beach





Golden Valley







*St. Bonifacius

*Long Lake

St. Louis Park

Maple Plain



*Spring Park


*Tonka Bay





Carver County 



Laketown Township

Watertown Township

*Entirely in District

Two regional park authorities exist within the Minnehaha Creek Watershed District, the Minneapolis Park and Recreation Board (MPRB) and the Three Rivers Park District (TRPD)

The MPRB was established in 1883 by an act of the State Legislature.  That act granted the MPRB the authority to operate, maintain, and administer a system of parks in and adjacent to the City of Minneapolis.  Over its history, the MPRB has acquired a significant amount of acreage along Minnehaha Creek and other water bodies in and adjacent to the City of Minneapolis including two golf courses that abut Minnehaha Creek.

The TRPD was established in 1957 by the State Legislature. As a special park district, Three Rivers Park District is charged with the responsibilities of acquisition, development and maintenance of large park reserves, regional parks and regional trails for the benefit and use of the citizens of suburban Hennepin County, Scott County, the metropolitan areas, and the State of Minnesota.

The MPRB and TRPD work cooperatively with the Metropolitan Parks and Open Space Commission, Metropolitan Council and State Legislature as two of ten implementing agencies of the Metropolitan Regional Park System to provide education/recreation facilities, services and programs.

The MCWD Comprehensive Plan recognizes the unique roles of the MPRB and the TRPD and their mission to provide the public with access to its land and water resources, and recreational facilities.  The MCWD also recognizes the past work of the MPRB and TRPD to maintain and improve water quality in lakes and streams within their jurisdictions.  Any efforts of the MPRB, TRPD and MCWD to improve water quality and manage load allocations for storm water runoff presents unique challenges in the context of their location within the watershed, surrounding land use, and downstream waterbodies.

For example, the role that urban lakes play as part of the Minneapolis storm water system and the natural resource role that lakes in the TRPD play may require special consideration in the rules adopted by the MCWD.  In addition, these efforts must give careful consideration to the effect on the invaluable recreational system built around the water bodies in the Watershed District and the near 27 million annual user visits that occur in the TRPD, the chain of lakes in Minneapolis, Minnehaha Creek and Minnehaha Regional Park.  The intent of the MCWD is to work cooperatively with the MPRB and TRPD to improve water quality while acknowledging the importance of recreational access to the MPRB's and TRPD's land in rules promulgated by the MCWD.  Moreover, the MCWD Comprehensive Plan recognizes the role that the MPRB and TRPD has and continues to play in conserving its land and water resources.