4.3 Water Quality

Goal 3 - Water Quality

Preserve, maintain and improve aesthetic, physical, chemical and biological composition of surface waters and groundwater within the District.

Discussion

The HHPLS used an extensive public input process to establish water quality goals for the primary receiving waters in the District, focusing primarily on identifying target total phosphorus concentrations. This plan identifies those plus additional goals related to water quality. This plan sets forth a set of actions the District will undertake to reduce pollutant loading in the subwatershed and achieve water quality goals. The achievement of these water quality goals is not only necessary to meet state and federal water quality requirements and to prevent future TMDLs, but also to meet this plan’s ecological integrity goals.

Desired Outcomes: Achievement of in-lake nutrient concentration goals through achievement of nutrient loading reductions.

Metrics: In-lake nutrient concentrations/Trophic State Index Scores (TSI) for Schutz Lake Nutrient loading goals (lbs) for Schutz Lake.

Goal 3.1 - Schutz Lake

Achieve in-lake total phosphorus concentration goal of 40 μg/L in Schutz Lake.

Actions

  1. Construct a detention pond at the outlet of subwatershed unit SL-2 (see Figure 20) to reduce phosphorus loading from the upper subwatershed by at least 50 percent.
  2. Require LGUs to reduce phosphorus loading from developed and agricultural uses by a minimum of 14 pounds per year within 10 years.i. Provide education and training opportunities, technical and planning assistance for property owners and LGUs on methods to reduce phosphorus and sediment loading by incorporating BMPs into landscaping, agricultural practices, infrastructure maintenance, and reconstruction.
  3. Provide assistance to LGUs and developers to foster low impact development and redevelopment that minimizes new phosphorus and sediment loading.
    1. Develop and distribute model ordinances and design standards that incorporate low impact design principles.
    2. Sponsor educational opportunities for LGU staff, developers, elected and appointed officials and other interested parties to provide practical information and opportunities for sharing experiences.
  4. Promote the general application of BMPs across the subwatershed.
    1. Consider developing a small grant program to provide financial assistance to property owners desiring to retrofit their property with BMPs to reduce phosphorus and sediment loading.
  5. Continue regular water quality monitoring in Schutz Lake to assess progress toward achieving the in-lake phosphorus goal.

Goal 3.2 - Schutz Lake

Achieve and maintain other state lake water quality standards in Schutz Lake including >1.4 m Secchi clarity and 14 ug/L chl-a,

Actions

  1. Achieve and maintain in-lake total phosphorus goals.
  2. Manage aquatic vegetation in accordance with a vegetation management plan that takes into account water clarity goals.
  3. Develop a water quality index which encompasses the District’s broader definition of water quality.

Goal 3.3 - Schutz Lake

Minimize pollutant loading contribution to Smithtown Bay from Schutz Lake.

Actions

  1. Achieve Schutz Lake in-lake total phosphorus concentration goal.