4.5 Water Quantity

Goal 5 - Water Quantity

Maintain or reduce existing flows from drainage within the watershed to decrease the negative effects of stormwater runoff and bounce from existing and proposed development as well as provide low flow augmentation to surface waters.

Discussion 

Development and the associated creation of new impervious surface increases the volume of stormwater runoff from the landscape, changes the rates and times to peak runoff flow, and decreases the amount of stormwater that naturally percolates into the soil to recharge groundwater.  The District's long term goal in the Christmas Lake subwatershed is to achieve no increase in the volume of stormwater discharged from the subwatershed into St. Albans Bay. Implementation strategies will include minimizing new runoff volumes from development, encouraging infiltration and groundwater recharge to maintain adequate hydrology to groundwater-fed wetlands and to Christmas Lake itself, and limiting new volumes in landlocked subwatersheds.

A key strategy to achieve this goal is the adoption of a volume management standard for new development and redevelopment that requires the abstraction (removal from runoff through infiltration, capture and reuse, evapotranspiration, etc.) of one inch of rainfall.  Approximately 70 percent of annual runoff volume in Minnesota results from precipitation events of 1? or less (MPCA, 2000).  Requiring new development and redevelopment to abstract (retain on site through infiltration, evapotranspiration, or capture and reuse) runoff from small events would significantly reduce new volumes of runoff flowing downstream and help reduce future erosion in streams and channels; minimize new pollutant loading that would have been conveyed by that stormwater; and help maintain groundwater levels, preserving wetlands. 

Limiting discharges from subwatersheds and basins that are currently landlocked is necessary to prevent further degradation of downstream water quality as well as to limit new volumes discharged downstream to channels that are already experiencing erosion.  Encouraging infiltration in landlocked basins is one means of controlling runoff volumes to help prevent localized flooding.

Table10.  Modeled annual volume of runoff in the Christmas Lake subwatershed, and estimated reductions resulting from application of a proposed 1? abstraction rule for new development and redevelopment (acre-feet).

2020 modeled annual subwatershed runoff volume

78.3

Ultimate Development modeled annual subwatershed runoff volume

78.7

Increase between 2000 and Ultimate development

0.4

Estimated volume abstracted by 1? rule

0.3

New volume to be abstracted through other means such as capital projects, wetland restorations, reforestation and revegetation, etc.

0.1

Some land-locked basins and pockets are identified in local water management plans for possible new outlets.  These should be maintained as is to prevent additional discharge downstream to Christmas Lake.

Desired Outcomes: Management of new annual water volume discharged from the subwatershed.

Metrics:  Acre-feet volume abstraction.

Goal 5.1 - Christmas Lake 

Reduce volume of stormwater runoff from new development and redevelopment and maintain existing water volumes discharged from the subwatershed into St. Albans Bay.

Actions

  1. Amend existing or establish new District rules requiring abstraction of the first one inch of rainfall on new permitted development and redevelopment.
  2. Track volumes abstracted and new volumes created resulting from permitted development.
  3.  Provide assistance to LGUs and developers to foster low impact development and redevelopment that minimizes new stormwater volumes.
    1. Develop and distribute model ordinances and design standards that incorporate low impact design principles.
    2. Sponsor educational opportunities for LGU staff, developers, elected and appointed officials and other interested parties to provide practical information and opportunities for sharing experiences.
  4. Encourage the development and maintenance of depressional storage within the subwatershed.

Goal 5.2 - Christmas Lake  

Manage water volumes to the upper watershed channel to prevent further erosion.

Actions

  1. Inspect the channel at least annually to assess its condition.
  2. Work cooperatively with the City of Chanhassen to reduce volumes as necessary. 

Goal 5.3 - Christmas Lake 

Limit new discharges from land locked basins and subbasins to prevent new impacts to Christmas Lake.

Actions

  1. Require the Cities of Shorewood and Chanhassen to continue to manage CL-3 and CL-4 and pocket subbasins as landlocked basins to limit new discharges to Christmas Lake (see Figure 2 for landlocked basin locations.)

Goal 5.4 - Christmas Lake  

Require public stormwater conveyance and control structures in the watershed be sized and maintained properly to convey current and ultimate stormwater flows to minimize flooding and erosion potential.

Actions

  1. Require LGUs to provide to the District a copy of their annual NPDES report.