4.5 Water Quantity

Goal 5 - Water Quantity

Maintain or reduce existing flows from drainage within the watershed to decrease the negative effects of stormwater runoff and bounce from existing and proposed development as well as provide low flow augmentation to surface waters.

Discussion

Development and the associated creation of new impervious surface increases the volume of stormwater runoff from the landscape, changes the rates and times to peak runoff flow, and decreases the amount of stormwater that naturally percolates into the soil to recharge groundwater.  The District's long term goal in the Long Lake Creek subwatershed is to achieve no increase in the volume of stormwater discharged from the subwatershed into Browns Bay.  Implementation strategies will include minimizing new runoff volumes from development, encouraging infiltration and groundwater recharge to maintain baseflow in Long Lake Creek and adequate hydrology to groundwater-fed wetlands, and limiting new volumes from landlocked subwatersheds.

A key strategy to achieve this goal is the adoption of a volume management standard for new development and redevelopment that requires the abstraction (removal from runoff through infiltration, capture and reuse, evapotranspiration, etc.) of one inch of rainfall.  Approximately 70 percent of annual runoff volume in Minnesota results from precipitation events of 1? or less (MPCA, 2000).  Requiring new development and redevelopment to abstract (retain on site through infiltration, evapotranspiration, or capture and reuse) runoff from small rain events would significantly reduce new volumes of runoff flowing downstream and help reduce future erosion in streams and channels; minimize new pollutant loading that would have been conveyed by that stormwater; and help maintain groundwater levels, preserving wetlands.  The additional new volume could be mitigated through construction of regional infiltration basins, restoring drained wetlands, reforestation and revegetation, or other means.

Table 11.   Modeled annual volume of runoff in the Long Lake Creek subwatershed, and estimated reductions resulting from application of a proposed 1? abstraction rule for new development and redevelopment (acre-feet).

2000 modeled annual subwatershed runoff volume

2,304

2020 modeled annual subwatershed runoff volume

2,491

Ultimate Development modeled annual subwatershed runoff volume

2,500

Increase between 2000 and Ultimate development

196

Estimated volume abstracted by 1? rule

137

New volume to be abstracted through other means such as capital projects, wetland restorations, reforestation and revegetation, etc.

59

Limiting discharges from subwatersheds and basins that are currently landlocked is necessary to prevent further degradation of downstream water quality as well as to limit new volumes discharged downstream to channels that are already experiencing erosion.  Encouraging infiltration in landlocked basins is one means of controlling runoff volumes to help prevent localized flooding.

Desired Outcomes:  Management of water volumes discharged from the subwatershed.

Metrics:  Acre-feet volume abstraction.

Goal 5.1 - Long Lake

Reduce volume of stormwater runoff from new development and redevelopment and maintain or reduce existing water volumes discharged from the subwatershed into Browns Bay.

Actions

  1. Amend existing or establish new District rules requiring abstraction of the first one inch of rainfall on new permitted development and redevelopment.
  2. Track volumes abstracted and new volumes created resulting from permitted development.
  3. Conduct a survey of the Long Lake Creek subwatershed to identify areas suitable for regional infiltration basins.
  4. Provide assistance to LGUs and developers to foster low impact development and redevelopment that minimizes new stormwater volumes.
    1. Develop and distribute model ordinances and design standards that incorporate low impact design principles.
    2. Sponsor educational opportunities for LGU staff, developers, elected and appointed officials and other interested parties to provide practical information and opportunities for sharing experiences.
  5. Encourage the development and maintenance of depressional storage within the subwatershed.

Goal 5.2 - Long Lake

Manage water volumes to Long Lake Creek to prevent further erosion.

Actions

  1. Inspect erosion-prone areas of Long Lake Creek at least annually to identify any new areas of erosion, and the entire creek every five years.
  2. Work cooperatively with the City of Orono to reduce volumes as necessary.
  3. Continue to monitor flows in Long Lake Creek.

Goal 5.3 - Long Lake

Limit new discharges from land locked basins and subbasins to prevent new impacts to downstream lakes.

Actions

  1. Require the LGUs to continue to manage LLC-20 to 23, 40, 42, and 44, as well as other basins without outlets as landlocked basins (see Figure 2 for landlocked basin locations).

Goal 5.4 - Long Lake

Require public stormwater conveyance and control structures in the watershed be sized and maintained properly to convey current and ultimate stormwater flows to minimize flooding and erosion potential.

Actions

  1. Require LGUs to provide to the District a copy of their annual NPDES report.