7.3 Impact on Other Units of Government

It is anticipated that all LGUs will be required to update their Local Water Management Plans to bring them into conformance with this Plan Revision.  Some of the implementation program elements reflect the goals, policies, and requirements of State and regional government agencies that local government units are required to address.  Many of the local requirements of this Plan are consistent with the requirements of the State of Minnesota’s NPDES General Permit for MS4s.  Many of the LGUs already have ordinances in place that address many of this Plan’s requirements, including ordinances that address shorelands, floodplains, wetland protection, stormwater management, erosion control and stormwater management.  Some ordinance revision may be required as a result of this Plan.

The overall goals of restoring impaired water resources and protecting water resources from further degradation require an active partnership between the District and LGUs.  Through active engagement with LGUs through the development of the subwatershed plans and the other elements of this Plan, the District and the LGUs have arrived at a balanced approach that allocates responsibility to both LGUs and the District for pollutant load reduction and water resource protection.

The performance standards set forth in the subwatershed plans may require LGUs to expend funds to construct capital improvement projects or change maintenance practices.  For example, where a lake does not meet water quality goals, a phosphorus load reduction plan sets forth specific load reductions to be achieved by LGUs to reduce phosphorus load from existing land uses; the reduction plan does not specify how the LGU must achieve those reductions.  The requirement is a 15 percent reduction in loading from existing residential land use and 10 percent from other developed land use.  This reduction can be accomplished through: application of BMPs such as additional street sweeping, local water quality ponds, rain gardens and infiltration swales that reduce erosion or treat runoff; prevention of future load increases through the conservation of lands previously identified for development; or achieving load removals in excess of  the minimum required.  The LGUs must identify in their local water management plans specific steps to accomplish these minimum reductions.  The LGUs must also annually report to the District their progress toward accomplishing this requirement.  The District will provide the LGUs with the flexibility to determine the more efficient and cost-effective means of achieving the reduction.

The District will provide funding and other technical assistance to assure that LGUs may reasonably implement the performance standards of the subwatershed plans, and will continue to work with the LGUs so that this implementation is effectively integrated with other requirements such as NPDES.

Table 33.  Local regulatory controls.  

City/Township

Shoreland Ordinance Status1

WCA Status

Wellhead Protection Status

Tree Ordinance

Buffer Ordinance

Deephaven

Yes

MCWD

Not Phased2

No

Yes - 25 feet from all wetlands

Edina

Yes

MCWD

Completed

Yes

 

Excelsior

Yes

MCWD

Not Phased

Yes

 

Golden Valley

Yes

LGU

Not A Water Supplier

Yes

No

Greenwood

Yes

LGU

Not Phased

Yes - Just Recently Adopted

Yes - 35ft setback

Hopkins

No - No Shoreline

MCWD

In Process of Completion

No

 

Independence

Yes

MCWD

Not Phased

No

Yes - 25 feet from all wetlands

Long Lake

Yes

MCWD

Completed

Yes

Yes - as part of floodplain management

Maple Plain

No-No Shoreline

MCWD

Not Phased

Yes

no

Medina

Yes

LGU

Not Phased

No

No - city does have a goal to protect natural areas even though there is no ordinance

Minneapolis

Yes

MCWD

Collaboration with St. Paul and St. Cloud

Yes

Within shoreland district

Minnetonka

Yes

LGU

Completed

Yes -  Revising tree removal ordinance to tree conservation

Yes

Minnetonka Beach

Yes

 

Not Phased

Only as part of Shoreland Ordinance

Only as part of floodplain management

Minnetrista

Yes

LGU

Completed

Yes

Yes for wetlands

Mound

Yes

LGU

Not Phased

No

Yes

Orono

Yes

MCWD

Not Phased

No – has been discussed

Yes

Plymouth

Yes - For Medicine And Parkers Lake

LGU

Completed

Yes

Yes

Richfield

No

LGU

In Process of Completion

No

No

Shorewood

Yes

MCWD

Not Phased

Yes

Yes

Spring Park

Yes

LGU

Not Phased

No

No

St. Bonifacius

No

LGU

Completed

No - only on a per development basis

Yes - as part of floodplain management

St. Louis Park

No

MCWD

Completed

Yes

No

Tonka Bay

Yes

MCWD

Not Phased

No

No

Wayzata

Yes

LGU

Not Phased

Yes

Yes

Woodland

Yes

LGU

Not Phased

No

Yes

Chanhassen

Yes

LGU

Completed

Yes

Yes

Laketown Township

No

County

 

No

No

Victoria

Yes

MCWD

Developing Plan

Yes

Yes

Watertown Township

County Ordinance

LGU

Discussed but No Plan

No

County Ordinance

Carver County

Yes

MCWD

 

No

No

1 While these communities may have adopted their own shoreland ordinances, not all of those communities have ordinances that have been approved by the DNR as being substantially compliant with state standards for shoreland management.

2 Not part of the Minnesota Department of Health’s current phase of planning.

Source:  Cities and Minnesota Department of Health.  Ordinance status current as of July 2005.  Wellhead protection status current as of January 2007.