Note: Brazilian elodea was discovered in Powderhorn Lake in the mid-2000's, but was chemically treated and has not been found within the MCWD since.
Appearance: Submersed aquatic plant. Perennial. Can be rooted or free floating.
Leaves: Bushy appearance. Leaves in whorls of 4 to 6. Leaf edges have very small serrations that require a magnifying glass to see.
Flowers: White flowers with 3 petals are on short stalks and are visible above water. Flowers are 0.7 to 1 inch wide.
Reproduction: Spreads by plant fragments. No female plants have been reported in the United States. Since all plants are male, no seeds are produced in the US.
Note on identification: Brazilian elodea can be easily confused with native Canada waterweed.
- Brazilian elodea usually has four leaves per whorl (arranged around the stem) and each leaf is at least 2 cm long.
- Canada waterweed generally has three leaves per whorl and each leaf is usually less than 1 cm long.
See the DNR's reporting invasive aquatic plants webpage if you are unsure of identification or wish to report a new location of Brazilian elodea.
- Brazilian elodea fact sheet (Indiana DNR)
- Brazilian elodea information (Wisconsin DNR)
- Brazilian elodea/waterweed is an early detection species in the Midwest (Midwest Invasive Plant Network)
- Technical information (State of Washington)
- Additional photos (King County, Washington)
(Information provided by the Minnesota Department of Natural Resources).